Your lesson will help you learn to make quick, linked short turns that control your speed with a minimum of effort and energy. Effective short turns are required for skiing in any ungroomed situation, whether it’s moguls, powder, crud, or a steep and narrow chute. Short turns require accurate, quick tipping of the free foot, and a quick transfer of balance from one stance foot to the other. They do not require hopping up and down, or vigorous twisting of the legs and skis. These actions will actually reduce your skis’ ability to hold and arc, so they are to be avoided.